Designed by a pioneer of sustainable architecture, Hassan Fathy, the village of New Gourna in Luxor, or ancient Thebes, was commissioned by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities in 1945. had to teach about climate control and economical construction techniques and Famous architect and artist, Hassan Fathy was born in Alexandria in 1899 to an Egyptian father and a Turkish mother. It is impossible to conceive of the history of art in exclusion from that of architecture. Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives; Add or remove collections Home Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives Site Plan Reference URL ... New Gourna Village . halls, mashrabiyyas and courtyards; and the indigenous mud brick construction However, New Gourna remains a dynamic living settlement, with housing and public facilities, though nearly 40 percent of the original buildings have been lost. Suite 2412 Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village A UNESCO Initiative DOCUMENTATION: in partnership with Luxor Governorate. Fax: 646 424-9593. The goal was to use local materials and techniques to relocate Old Gourna, a community of amateur archeologists that had sprung up near the ancient sites, and in doing so, curtail damage and looting at nearby Pharaonic sites as well as facilitate tourism development. Jun 3, 2020 - Is there any difference between art and architecture? Please rotate your device for properly using Archnet.org. because of the disappearance of the building traditions that created them. Born: March 23, 1900 Alexandria, Egypt Died : November 30, 1989 (aged 89) Cairo, Egypt Nationality: Egyptian Awards: 1- Aga Khan Award for Architecture Chairman's Award (1980) Hassan Fathy on the Egyptian stamp Famous Buildings Project name: New Gourna Village Description: Die heute kaum genutzte Lehmarchitektur-Siedlung des Hassan Fathy Village war eins der ehrgeizigsten Siedlungsprojekte des ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy. models for later large-scale work. 3. Loading content ... , , . MIT. Made of adobe architecture with building methods informed by ancient Nubian … build shelter for themselves. Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. markets blend with the similarly coloured residential units. The ancient mud brick forms, in contrast, Green Prophet has railed against projects like Dubai Burj Tower. World Monuments Fund® and World Monuments Watch® are registered service marks. "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. Old Gourna Village was the the impetus for Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village. The latter consists of inclined arches and "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. © 2020 World Monuments Fund. New Gourna Village: Conservation and Community, Project-based learning Unit: New Gourna, Luxor, Egypt. These fine old houses enriched his imagination, however, and were to become Ottoman Cairo, ingeniously shaded and ventilated by means of their two-storey a continuing spiral, semi-domed alcoves and other related forms. Steele J (1989) The Hassan Fathy Collection. He perceived that a vaults, built without shuttering, domes on squinches built over square rooms in He worked to include and empower the poor through participation in design and building processes, a main theme in his seminal publication, Architecture for the Poor. Mit Rehan or the The Casaroni Villa, 1980, Giza. The ideas he engendered and the evolution of this community are relevant to today’s challenges of environmental protection and urban growth. It is a relatively humble scheme; a resettlement village in Luxor Egypt, that was commissioned in 1945. Ellsworth Kelly Foundation generously supported the development of this site. It thus evokes a feeling of oneness amongst all the structural masses. is a trademark of World Monuments Fund. The urban Muslim world. Submission by Awut Atak I'd like to nominate Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village project. Hassan Fathy was one of those pioneer Arab architects that touched on art Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989, Arabic: حسن فتحي) was a noted Egyptian architect who pioneered appropriate technology for… to find ways to put them to contemporary use. Redrawing composed from various plans of New Baris village by Hassan Fathy, 1965, showing the general plan and the single plans of the buildings. Designed by a pioneer of sustainable architecture, Hassan Fathy, the village of New Gourna in Luxor, or ancient Thebes, was commissioned by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities in 1945. Only part of the goal was realized. Use the advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search. The idea for the new village was launched by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities as a solution to the problem of relocating the entire entrenched community of entrepreneurial excavators that had established itself over the royal necropolis in Luxor. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. Early in his career he began to study the pre-industrial building His previous experience with such a project, and particularly his ability to build it inexpensively, made Fathy the logical choice as the architect for New Baris. Fathy’s innovative mixed-use plan for New Gourna, the icon of his legacy, remains a powerful and well-preserved element of the village. New Gourna Village - Craft's Exhibition- Section drawing, gouache with plans and elevations by Hasan Fathy. In 1946 Hassan Fathy, Egypt’s Green architect, built a model village near Luxor called ‘New Gourna’ out of mud.But what happened to this stunning village? New Qurna was built between 1946 and 1952 by Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy midway between the Colossi of Memnon and el-Gezira on the Nile on the main road to the Theban Necropolis to house the residents of the Qurna. still to be found in rural areas. He was an Egyptian He studied at Cairo University and later became a professor at the Faculty of Fine Arts and was head of the Architectural School. Site proudly built by Amazee Labs. Archnet focus on Africa. were still being produced by rural masons unchanged. View Item . housing forms of Cairo could not serve Fathy directly as a replicable source systems dominated his thinking: the climatically efficient houses of Mamluk and Motivated by the declining condition of New Gourna, the international association " Save the Heritage of Hassan Fathy " made an appeal to several international conservation organizations to help with the conservation of the village. New Gourna was a housing project masterminded by Hassan Fathy with the objective of re-housing the Seven Thousand people of Gourna, a village built on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles, part of the ancient cemetery of Thebes (now Luxor, Egypt). Chairman's Award: Lifetime Achievements of Hassan Fathy. construction and the desperate need of Egypt's poor to be taught once again to They made their living robbing the Pharaonic tombs and selling the antiquities on. Another architectural quality which is that of firmness as explained 3. Hassan Fathy inspired architects and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern architectural principles. Stimulated by what he had His most major work was the building of the village of New Gourna (1948-… Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. Toggle navigation. Two such The Village of New Gourna. Political and financial complications as well as residents’ opposition to relocation prevented completion. Faced with a 50 acre land intended to home 7000 people unwilling to leave their homes was not to be an easy task. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. Some features of this site may not work without it. ", Correspondence Regarding Rural Housing Development, A Briefing On the Outcome of the Visit To Aswan and Nubia, Memorandum On The Importance Of Research For Rural Housing Development, Correspondence To The Committee Of Rural Housing Research, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: II- Tradition et Invention, A Memorandum Regarding Ongoing Projects Of The Ministry, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: I- L'architecture Fait Naturel, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: III- Construire Avec Le Peuple, Traditional Architecture Finds a Royal Patron, Part I, Architecture in Fact and Fiction: The Case of the New Gourna Village in Upper Egypt, Some Problems Facing Egyptian Architecture, Report Concerning Guided Projects in Desert Areas, Correspondence Regarding The Suq Renovation Project at Suhar, Oman, Memorandum Regarding Rural Housing Research, Contemporaneity In Modern Arab Architecture, A Point of View On Rural Housing in Egypt, A Memorandum on The Importance of Rural Housing Research, Memorandum Offering Proposals For The Contribution of the Group In The Research On Climate and Architecture in the Project for Rural Development in Oman, Planning and Building in the Arab Tradition: The Gourna Village Experiment in Egypt, Memorandum Regarding the Drawbacks of Rural Development Research, Architecture in The Middle East: Past, Present, and Future, The Ekistical Approach To The Problem of Roofing in Farming Houses, A Memorandum Regarding The Guided Project For The Village of Harraniya, Constancy, Transposition, and Change In City Design For the Arab City In the Future, A Memorandum On The Design Of The Cultural Center of Luxor, The Aesthetic Approach to the Problem of Roofing in Peasant House Building, A Memorandum On The Rural Industries In Egypt, A Study On Some Factors Influencing The Determining of Architectural Forms, Arches, Vaults, and Domes in Architecture, Technology At The Service Of National Culture and Economy In The Field Of Architecture and Urban Planning, Regarding The Understanding of Modern Arabic Architecture, Report Concerning The Migration Project Of The Inhabitants Of The Nubia Region. 4. Wir bleiben hier überwiegend bei dem Namen Neu-Qurna für das Hassan Fathy Village und bezeichnen den jetzigen Wohnort der früheren Bewohner von Alt-Qurna als Neu-Neu-Qurna. 04.12.2015 - New Gourna Village, Hassan Fathy opposite Luxor, Upper Egypt, 1945-48 traditional local context, activist for the poor, but also a trap because it doesn't allow for cultural or technological change. systems of Egypt to understand their aesthetic qualities, to learn what they (It’s in shambles) The residents of the original Gourna lived over the Thebes cemetery. A Catalogue of Visual Documents at the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. PRACTICE AT NEW GOURNA. Hassan Fathy's saw this as a challenge, as he says in his book. Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989) Hassan Fathy was responsible for 160 projects from houses and schools to large-scale communities. While the architect's explanations offered in the book are extremely compelling and ultimately persuasive, New Gourna is still most significant for the questions it raises rather than the problems it tried to solve, and these questions still await a thorough, objective analysis. Hassan Fathy Village, arabisch: ‏ قرية حسن فتحي ‎, Qaryat Ḥasan Fatḥī, ist eine nie fertiggestellte und heute unbewohnte Siedlung etwa acht Kilometer nördlich von Bārīs westlich der Fernverkehrsstraße 25 in der Senke el-Chārga.Sie war eins der ehrgeizigsten Siedlungsprojekte des ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy.Der einstige Name Neu-Baris oder Baris el-Gadida (engl. Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. Born into an affluent family, Hassan Fathy studied Western architecture at university in Cairo. Hassan Fathy is the Middle East’s father of sustainable architecture - Green Prophet Hassan Fathy, an Egyptian architect saw the value of natural building long before it became a fad in the west. Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. . 350 Fifth Avenue Fathy’s most impressive project was the construction of New Gourna Village between 1946 and 1952 at Luxor, Egypt. Access to high-resolution master file restricted to RBSCL staff only. New Gourna Village (2015) World Monuments Fund. Empire State Building learned, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary idea. WMF created a community assessment to integrate social and economic concerns into planning and decision-making about the future of the village and its preservation, published in a report on New Gourna Village that can be found on WMF’s website. Tel: 646 424-9594 He was an architect who devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations. Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. New York, NY 10118 Join us in keeping watch over mankind’s greatest achievements, and support this call to action. Bern, Switzerland: The Aga Khan Trust for Culture: 16-18. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. Dome Home; Visual Collections ; Architecture, Urban Planning, and Visual Arts; View Item; Dome Home; Visual Collections; Architecture, Urban Planning, and Visual Arts; View Item; JavaScript is disabled for your browser. فيلم وثائقى نادر عن المهندس شيخ المعماريين حسن فتحى بمنزله بدرب اللبانه - Duration: 53:40. Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. Please contact the RBSCL at rbscl-ref@aucegypt.edu or 2615-3676 to request access to master files. This came as Fathy's perfect opportunity.The new location is about five miles downhill towards the river, not far from the old village. by Lara Iskander. 2. New Gourna was placed on the 2010 Watch, and UNESCO and World Monuments Fund joined forces. Steele J (1989) The Hassan Fathy Collection. 5. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling. This architecture asserts that poor people in other countries cannot aspire to modernist architecture. After graduation in 1926 he was shocked by the very poor state of village people, but he did not feel at all that it was suitable either economically or aesthetically to improve it with European modern architecture using iron and concrete. . Courtesy of Viola Bertini. architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the 2. 26 January 2016 James Steele; Aga Khan Awards For Architecture, Datum Antiques, Sustainability, Architecture, Architects, Conservation Architecture, Architects + Spaces, Contemporary Arabic, "No other project dominates this mature phase of the architect's work as much as the village of New Baris, in a way that is comparable to the notoriety of New Gourna twenty years before. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. connection could be made between the continuing viability of mud brick Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy’s plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Gourna is a village located on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles that forms a part of Thebes’ ancient cementary which can now be found in Luxor, … Fathy gained international critical acclaim for his involvement in the construction of New Gourna, located on Luxor 's West Bank, built to resettle the village of Gourna, which fell within the archaeological areas of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens. A. Hassan Fathy Collection, Rare Books Library, AUC The collection comprises the original drawings of the architect Hassan Fathy as well as his personal library, published and unpublished manuscripts, and photographs of his projects. New Gourna Village (2015) World Monuments Fund. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. Site Plan Previous: 1 of 69: Next : View Description . Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. UNESCO surveyed buildings and documented conservation needs while the WMF team interviewed more than a third of New Gourna’s 174 households, analyzing conditions, identifying changes in the environment, and examining the use of space and adaptations to the buildings over time. He integrated a knowledge of the rural Egyptian economic situation with a wide knowledge of ancient architectural and town design techniques. One of the later houses designed by Fathy in which the use of mud bricks was replaced by that of stone. He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own buildings. MIT Libraries home Dome. Unidentified sketch, possibly of a building façade, Unidentified sketch of a fireplace, with details, Unidentified drawings of mud brick vaults - "normal mud brick room" and "large rooms, assembly halls, etc. 1 Ṭōd el-Baʿīrāt liegt auf der Südseite der Straße, das Hassan Fathy Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite. 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