The flowers are pollinated by bees. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Tupelo is a rare and wonderful honey produced from the White Ogeechee Tupelo Tree (nyssa ogeche). Ogeechee Tupelo1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION First discovered by William Bartram along the Ogeechee River in Georgia, Ogeechee-Lime is a lovely native tree which reaches 40 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown (Fig. This give the tupelo gum tree a wider base which give it more stability in the swamps and lowland forests. Although it grows in other areas as well, you won’t find another region with the concentration of white tupelos equal to this 100-mile (160 km.) Use them to naturalize low, boggy areas and places with periodic flooding. The flowers are pollinated by bees. This page was last edited on 26 June 2020, at 11:13. This tree typically grows to a height of 60 feet (18 metres) and occasionally attains a height of 100 feet (30 metres). Fruit. In addition, the flowers provide nectar for bees. It is deciduous and starts very symmetrical with a pyramidal shape, but ages to an irregular form. Tupelo honey is produced in the Okeefenokee Wildlife Refuge and the Apalachicola River basin in Florida, where the peninsula turns into the Florida panhandle. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. This tree is flood-tolerant and grows in USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9. For a few weeks every spring, the nyssa ogeche tree yields its fragrant white flowers in the North Florida and South Georgia wetlands. The mature fruit, known as Ogeechee lime, has a subacid flavor. They usually have a 1.5-foot to 3-foot (45 cm. They make excellent shade trees and can serve as street trees where overhead wires aren’t a concern. It … Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United States and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. Sign up for our newsletter. You may want to ask advice of an extension agent (through your local university) or someone at the nursery where you obtained them. Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica. long, dark-green leaves are … The four- to six-inch-long, dark green leaves are joined in early spring by dense, hanging clusters of small, white blooms. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. Tupelo Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Distribution: Eastern North America. Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft 3 (545 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.46, .55. The wood is of little value, but the mature fruits and their juice are used by people. White-tailed deer browse on the tree’s twigs, Swamp Tupelo Info: Learn About Swamp Tupelo Trees In Landscapes, Getting Ducks To Visit Ponds – How To Attract Ducks To Your Garden, Welcoming Wildlife In The Garden: How To Create A Wildlife Garden, How To Grow Grocery Store Basil - Planting Supermarket Basil, Can You Re-Grow Beets From Tops - Do Beets Re-Grow After You Eat Them, Grocery Store Squash Seeds - Can You Grow Squash From The Store, Troubleshooting Hops Plants: What To Do If Your Hops Stopped Growing, Growing Flowering Kale Plants: Information About Flowering Kale Care, Corn Cob Mulch: Tips For Mulching With Corn Cobs, What Is Algae: Learn About Types Of Algae And How They Grow, Starting Plants From Produce: Pineapple Tops, Vegetable Gardening Is A Long-Term Commitment. The crown is flattened and spreading usually looking ratty. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. Tupelo trees are an important food source for wildlife. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Trees planted in alkaline soil die young. the tree often develops swollen buttress-type roots as it gets older. It is made into preserves and can also be as a substitute for lime juice. Ogeechee tupelo is also known as Ogeechee gum, Ogeechee-lime, wild lime tree, gopher plum, white tupelo, sour tupelo-gum, sour tupelo, white tupelo gum, lone tupelo, lime tree, and bee tupelo. Found in swamps but does well on drier sites. What's so special about tupelo? The most common and familiar tupelo trees are the black gum tupelo trees (Nyssa sylvatica). Thousands of hectares of Ogeechee tupelo have been planted in bee farms along the lower Apalachicola River and around swamps where it grows naturally. The water tupelo is an aquatic tree with an open crown of large, shiny leaves and a straight trunk with a swollen base. There are many uses for tupelo trees in areas large enough to accommodate their size. The Apalachicola River is the center of Tupelo Honey production in the United States, with abundant growths of white tupelos. It comes from the Creek words ito ‘tree’ and opilwa ‘swamp’. Common Name(s): Black Tupelo, Blackgum. Tupelo ogeche trees on the Suwannee river, north. White-tailed deer browse on the tree’s twigs. Middle-aged Ogeechee Tupelo. Beekeepers must clean the comb for tupelo honey when the tree is in bloom. Genus: Nyssa The name refers to a Greek water nymph. It is found in abundance along the Ogeechee, Altamaha, and Suwannee Rivers, and in certain wet flatwood regions between the Choctawhatchee and Wakulla Rivers of Florida. Tupelo definition is - any of a genus (Nyssa of the family Nyssaceae) of North American and Asian deciduous trees that have simple alternate leaves, small usually greenish-white dioecious flowers, and a rounded drupe; especially : black gum. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation", "Ogeechee Tupelo Honey - Nyssa ogeche - Tupelo Bee Keepers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_ogeche&oldid=964586398, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Small greenish-white flowers are followed by purple or blue fruits. Other names: Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime. The honey … The Tupelo Tree. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Flowers: White, not showy flowers in the spring. Description: First discovered by William Bartram along the Ogeechee River in Georgia, Ogeechee Tupelo is a lovely native tree which reaches 40 feet in height and is pyramidal when young, maturing to a spreading, flat-topped crown. The tree remains interesting in winter because its regular, horizontal branches give it an attractive profile. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly called sour gum, is a slow-growing, deciduous, Missouri native tree which occurs in a wide range of soils south of the Missouri River in the southeastern quarter of the State. diameter, red fruits that are pleasantly flavored and used as a substitute for limes. The white tupelo gum tree (Nyssa ogeche ‘Bartram’) is limited by its environment. The tree is too rare and small for the wood to be economically important.[3]. Pests: Free of serious pests and diseases, but it can be affected by tupelo leaf miner, scale, leaf spot and rust. Other mammals that find nurture in swamp tupelo trees include bears, raccoons and wild turkey. Ogeechee tupelo requires a very moist site and is distributed along the borders of rivers, swamps, and ponds that are frequently inundated. These trees stand up to 80 feet (24 m.) tall at maturity. 1). It has a native range that centers around Northwest Florida in a low area fed by the Chattahoochee River system. If you could taste the exuberant fresh air of spring, it would surely be found in pure tupelo honey. The birds that visit the tree to clean up the last of the berries also add winter interest. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Ogeechee tupelo (Nyssa ogeche), also called Ogeechee-lime, sour tupelo-gum, white tupelo, and bee-tupelo (3), is a scarce small tree or much branched shrub found along rivers and swamps of the Coastal Plain in constantly wet soils that are often flooded. [4] The fruit is produced in small clusters of 2–3, is up to 4 centimeters long, and has a thick, juicy, very acidic flesh containing a single seed. Many species of birds, including wild turkeys and wood ducks, eat the berries and a few species of mammals, such as raccoons and squirrels, also enjoy the fruit. to 90 cm.) The berries contain seeds by which the seeds propagate. The Water Tupelo (Tupelo Gum) Tree has a swollen base, grows large and lives a long life in Southern swamps or flood plains, The Water Tupelo (Sour Gum) Tree often may be found growing in pure stands, and it grows anywhere from Virginia to Northwestern Florida and then westward to Texas, in a wide range of environments, even the swamps of the Deep South. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The 1.5-inch-long, showy red fruits on female trees are produced in abundance and ripen in autumn. One thing they won’t tolerate is pollution, whether it is in the soil or the air, so it’s best to keep them out of urban environments. One to several trunks are crooked and the 4-6 in. Apr 11, 2013 - Neal Pollard The white tupelo tree grows in abundance only in the wetlands of the Florida panhandle and south Georgia ("tupelo" is a Creek Indian word meaning "swamp"). Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or scarlet that may appear on the same branch. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. The word “Nyssa” refers to a water nymph in Greek, whereas “tupelo” is of an American origin. 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