The Acropolis of Athens by Leo von Klenze (1846). The iris means eye of heaven, and is named after the Greek goddess of the Rainbow, fertility, Colours, the Sea, Heraldry, the Sky, truth, and oaths, who was said to carry messages between Earth and the god Zeus, and  goddess Hera. One day, as the lovers were throwing discus, a discus thrown by Hermes hit Crocus on his head, killing him outright. From birth to death, from innocence to passion, flowers have numerous interpretations and implications in myths and legends of ancient Greece. This name for boys has a dainty and exotic appeal to it. Enchanter's Nightshade, or circaea, is named after the enchantress Circe from Greek mythology, who is supposed to have used enchanter's nightshade in her magic. Narcissus and Echo John William Waterhouse (1903). 10 Ancient Greeks Myths about 10 Ancient Greek Trees, 12 Important Aromatic Herbs of Ancient Greece – Benefits and Uses. Aconite can grow up to a metre tall and bears purple or blue flowers; it tends to grow on rocky ground rather than in earth and is extremely poisonous and that is exactly what the ancient Greeks used it for, poison! If you want to express your deep feelings to someone special in your life, in a thoughtful and unique way, check out the list of flower names given below, and find out what message you can devise using the special language of flowers. Flowers often symbolize youth, beauty, and pleasure but they may also personify fragility and the sudden transition from life to death, several flowers, such as the anemone, crocus and hyacinth, take their names from Greek myths. Greek Origin. Peony – or paeony is a flowering plant in the genus Paeonia, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. Hellebore or Christmas rose – the Eurasian genus Helleborus consists of approximately 20 species of herbaceous or evergreen perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. When the god Zeus, flooded the earth in order to kill off warring men, the goddess, Astraea, the ‘maiden’ of the zodiac sign Virgo, (daughter of Astraeus and Eos, the virgin goddess of justice, innocence, purity and precision), was so upset, that all she wished for was to become a star. It's all about Greece, Greeks and all things Greeker! The name Orchid comes from the Ancient Greek ὄρχις-orchis, meaning testicle. Morpheus slept in a cave full of poppy seeds while shaping dreams and this is why the opium – based medication, used for insomnia, as well as pain, is known as morphine. Hera, though, awoke with a start and flung the poor baby from her, the milk, gushing from her breast, sprayed across the heavens, forming the Milky Way, the few drops which fell to Earth, sprang up as lily flowers. Yarrow – Achillea millefolium – Achilles’ thousand-leaved plant, the Greek word for yarrow is μυριόφυλλο-myriofyllo. Zeus did at least think a little about Io’s well-being, and created the sweet-scented flowers, violets, for her to eat. Evelyn De Morgan – Chloris (Flora), Ancient Greek Goddess of blossoms and flowers (1880). There are two conflicting Greek myths surrounding the peony, this explains how some consider the peony to symbolize compassion, whilst others think the peony is an unlucky flower. Traditional architecture in Akrotiri . If you are looking for baby names that are flowers, this compilation will serve your purpose. Folklore has it that violets bring good luck, and that dreams of violets foretell a life change for the better. Achilles and Ajax at Draughts, Black Figure Ware Amphora, Greek, 540 BCE. The locals, being of a generous and laid back nature, at once, on meeting these strangers, offered them lotus flowers, which the sailors happily accepted, ten minutes later, they had not a care in the world. Rose – a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae. Surprisingly, this fragrant herb can sprout little flowers. It is an Egyptian name and means flower. The Greek term for flora is chloris. Iris, was thought to use the rainbow as a bridge between heaven and earth, some say the ancient Greeks believed the rainbow was the many coloured robe of Iris whilst others believed the multi-coloured iris flowers were part of her robe or the flowing veil from her dress. Named after a Greek botanist, Acacia is a shrub with yellow or white blossoms. These names have the elegance as well as the purity of the flowers. From the Ancient Greek word δελφίνιον (delphínion) which means dolphin, said to be how the plant got its name because of its dolphin-shaped flowers. The anemone, carnation, hyacinth, lily, lotus, narcissus, poppy, rose, sunflower, and violet are among those that are associated with stories or customs from various cultures. ANTHEA means “Flower; Lady of flowers“ 9. The Greek language is a rich source of names that define the genera and the varieties of many flowering plants. Io escaped, was restored to human form by Zeus, gave birth to his son, Epaphus, and a daughter Keroessa, went on to marry  the Egyptian king Telegonus, their grandson, Danaus, eventually returned to Greece with his fifty daughters, the  Danaids, and they all lived happily ever after. I’m just back from a holiday in Greece, taking in both archaeology and nature. Paeon was a healer, working under the instruction of Asclepius, the god of medicine. The petals garnish cakes and pastries and decorate ice cubes, while the leaves enhance green salads. The rocket larkspur (Delphinium ajacis) is a flowering annual indigenous to southern Europe. In a different version of the same basic legend, the hero is Hyacinthus, from the Greek root word, hyakinthos, and its floral counterpart is the hyacinth (Hyacinthus nonscriptus). The word iris means "eye of heaven". The Greek myth, of how the Sunflower or Heliotrope, came to be, tells the story of the sea nymph, Clytie, a tale of unrequited love. Greek ἀνεμώνη (anemōnē) means ‘daughter of the wind’, from ἄνεμος (ánemos ‘wind). Greek: Flower; poetically used to mean a simple shepherdess or country girl in I Care Not For Those Ladies by Thomas Campion (1567-1620)... Read More. Aphrodite (Venus) got into an argument with her son Eros (Cupid), over who was more beautiful,  herself, or a nearby group of girls, Eros, without thinking, replied, ‘the girls’, which sent Aphrodite into such a rage that she beat the girls until they turned blue and purple, and became violets. English: Blossom, flower. 27. Some derivations are less obvious and some are rather surprising. In order to elude Hera, Zeus turned Io into a white heifer (some versions of the myth have it that Hera herself transformed Io). Greeks, decorated banquet tables with violets, believing the flowers could prevent drunkenness, and violet wreaths were used to cure hangovers, when too much violet wine had been consumed. Traditional Greek coffee and pound cake for breakfast and two buds, flowers. Where his body parts fell, an extraordinary fleshy plant took root; the flowers portrayed Orchis’ beauty, while the two bulbous root tubers symbolized the sin which brought about his misfortune. Once aboard ship, the men began to regain their senses, remembered the friendly island people, and wanted to head back, Odysseus, who by now, had had enough of these goings on, tied up his men and set sail immediately, never to return. Delphinium or Larkspur – a genus of about 300 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. In mythology, this is the name of a type of flower … Iris – the largest genus of the family Iridaceae with up to 300 species. Chloris was greatly saddened by the loss of such exquisite beauty, and feeling compassion for the poor nymph, transformed her into a flower, so that her beauty may live on. Euadne abandoned her newborn son, leaving him on a bed of violets where shepherds found him. Means "golden flower" from Greek χρύσεος ( chryseos) meaning "golden" combined with ἄνθος ( anthos) meaning "flower". Athena (Minerva) and Arachne, René-Antoine Houasse, 1706. Jean Broc, The Death of Hyacinthos (1801). He accredited the name to the rounded two tubers, which looked similar to human testes, which gave to the accepted belief that orchids were an aphrodisiac, and caused Greek women to use the Orchid roots in order to determine the sex of their babies; If the father ate large, new tubers, the child would be male; if the mother ate small tubers, the child would be female. Sadly, Achilles did not have his coveted yarrow at hand, which he used to treat his wounded soldiers, when he was mortally wounded during the Trojan Wars, some heard him say, ‘oh, If only I had some yarrow, I would surely survive ‘. Greek traditional coffee and pound cake for breakfast and two buds, flowers. These scented perennials flower in purple, blue, white and occasionally yellow, usually in April and May. Another legend is that asters were formed when Virgo scattered stardust over the Earth, wherever the stardust came to rest, aster flowers bloomed. Paeon was the physician to the gods who quite unintentionally, drove his teacher, Asclepius, into a rage, after he succeeded in healing Pluto with a milky liquid which he had extracted from the root of a peony. ANTHOUSA (Ανθούσα): Greek name derived from the word anthos, meaning "flower." One version, the most popular, of this Greek myth, has Crocus, a mortal, as a lover of the God Hermes. Take the example of “chrysanthos” whose elements “chrysos” meaning “gold” and “anthemon” meaning “flower” suggest a “golden flower” better known as the chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x grandiflorum). ), pupil of Aristotle and Plato immortalized Orchis in his Historia Plantarum, by attributing his name to the flower species. Another myth states that when King Aegeus’ son, Theseus, left to kill the Minotaur, he told his father he would change his black sail to white, when he sailed home to Athens, to announce his victory. Azalea. Showing off to his lover, Hyacinth ran to catch the discus, Zephyrus saw his chance and blew the discus off course causing it to strike Hyacinth on the head, felling him instantly. One afternoon, the opportunity arose when Apollo and Hyacinth were throwing a discus around. Read More. Chloris (Flora) and the Zephyrs- John William Waterhouse 1898, Chloris was also thought to have been answerable for the metamorphosis of Adonis, Attis, Crocus, Hyacinthus and Narcissus into flowers. by Jason Hollinger, CC, via wikimedia.org - Enchanters Nightshade (3818301462) by Jason Hollinger - Enchanter's NightshadeUploaded by Amada44. We’ve pulled together a list of 170+ flower and plant types, along with pictures of each one and details on the best way to plant them. Instantly, as soon the poison touched Arachne, her hair fell out, her nose and ears dropped off, her head shrank, and her whole body became tiny. The aster is also a symbol of Aphrodite (Venus), the goddess of love. Artemis (Diana) Hunting, Guillaume Seignac. The Greek word for violet is io, which was also the name of the daughter of Inachos, the first King of Argos, Io was a mortal and a priestess of the goddess Hera, goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth, and wife of Zeus, king of the Greek gods. Chloris, was abducted by Zephyrus, the god of the west, who turned her into a goddess, once they were married, together, they had son, Karpos, it’s thought her home was the  Elysian Fields. The Greek word for violet is βιολέτα, violeta, or ιόχρους-iochrous. However, Zephyros in a fit of jealousy, engineered the prince’s death from the blow of a disc to his head. When grown under controlled, organic conditions, the petals and the leaves of violets are edible. Flowers often symbolize youth, beauty, and pleasure but they may also personify fragility and the sudden transition from life to death, several flowers, such as the anemone, crocus and hyacinth, take their names from Greek myths. Take the example of “chrysanthos” whose elements “chrysos” meaning “gold” and “anthemon” meaning “flower” suggest a “golden flower” better known as the chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x grandiflorum). Ren is a beautiful choice for your baby. In Greek mythology, hellebore was used by the ancients for a variety of medicinal purposes, including treating paralysis, gout and even insanity. The Greek language is a rich source of names that define the genera and the varieties of many flowering plants. In Greek mythology, the goddess or witch, Hecate, is said to have invented the poison, aconite, which Athena used to transform Arachne, a mortal, into a spider. Acacia. Cafe with bougainvillea flowers. She was worshiped on Crete. Theophrastus, the most famed botanist of ancient Greece  (4-3 century B.C. Narcissus, though, had no time for girls; he was too taken up with himself and scorned the advances of all, including the poor nymph, Echo (who could talk the hind legs off a donkey), who was head over heels in love with him. It is also the name of a shrub with yellow or white blossoms. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Attis, a shepherd, son of the Mother of the gods, Cybele, was either gored to death by a wild boar whilst resting under a pine tree, or, depending on which myth you read, he emasculated himself and bled to death. Another variant of the Crocus tale has it that the mortal Crocus was in love with a nymph, Smilax. 6. Apple . Flowers are an integral part of our life, and we need them, be it on trees, bushes, in meadows, or even in the vases in our house. After some deliberation, the Greeks decided Ulysses should have them, Ajax in fit of rage, took up his sword and committed suicide, resulting in his blood pouring onto the ground. They flourish in rich, moist soil, and they prefer a location in the garden that offers partial shade. ARETHA means “Beauty; Virtuous; excellent.“ 14. The root, bark, seed and flowers were all believed to have medicinal uses and were used to treat stomach pains, bladder issues, jaundice and even nightmares. An inconsolable Apollo conjured the larkspur from his blood as a tribute. In one tale, the peonies take their name from the Greek word Paeon, The name “Paeon” was also used in a general sense to refer to anyone who could save people from evil or calamity or had the power to deliver men from the sorrow and pains of living. Its blooms are pink, white and blue, growing best in full sun in well-drained soil. In ancient Greece,a flower festival, dedicated to Dionysus, the god of pleasure , was held in early spring, in the month of Anthesterion, the eighth month of the ancient Athenian Attic calendar, which falls from mid February to mid March, maybe our modern May Day celebration are a throwback to the ancient Anthesterion. Zephyr. She holds a Baccalaureate degree in journalism from Stanford University. As her tears fell to Earth, the beautiful aster flower burst forth. Euadne abandoned her newborn son, leaving him on a bed of violets where shepherds found him. The Iris takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, ίριδ- irida, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. The name Aster comes from the ancient Greek word ἀστήρ (astḗr), meaning “star”. 25 of the Most Famous Ancient Greek Statues and Sculptures - Where Are They Now? In Greek mythology the lotus-eaters (λωτοφάγοι, lotofagi), were a race of people living on an island dominated by the Lotus tree, the lotus fruits and flowers were the primary food of the island and were a narcotic, causing the inhabitants to sleep in peaceful apathy. The violet became the city’s emblem and one would be hard put, to find an Athenian house, or temple, which was not adorned with violets. Acacia is rarely used Greek name, which is gradually catching the fancy of the parents. Zeus’ plan backfired, somehow, probably using her magical skills, Hera discovered what her husband was up to and begged Zeus to give her the cow as a present, having no excuse to refuse, he had no other choice, and Io, the cow, became the property of Hera. This charming Greek name means “regal” and is obviously fit for your little prince. It is the name of the Greek God and also the flowering plant. The Greek myth about the narcissus flower is a cautionary tale about the imperfections of humans. In Greek mythology, the rose, the Queen of flowers, is said to have been created by the goddess of flowers, Chloris, who was said to breathe roses as she spoke. It's a simple, almost modern sounding name, yet it has Greek origins. Orchid – The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants. Azalea. According to legend, Iamos was the son of the nymph, Euadne, and Apollo, an Olympian god. Hebrew Origin. Zeus, as any father, wanted only the best for his baby son and knew nothing topped the milk of Hera, his wife, when it came to raising Greek gods, how though, could he persuade Hera to nourish the child of her husband’s illicit affair? During the spring festival of Cybele and Attis, a pine tree was felled, brought to the temple, and covered with violets. Violets are said to have sprung from his blood and in memory of Attis, the priests of Cybele ritually self-mutilated themselves in the same way. Cybele by Luca Giordano (Naples 1632 – Naples 1705). Basil. 40 Adorable Characteristics which Make Greeks Special, Meraki - Greek Word of the Day - Doing it With Love, Passion and a Lot of Soul, 26 Famous Movies Filmed in Greece and the Greek Islands, 20 Amazing Ancient Greek Inventions Still in Use Today - The Greeks Did it First, 20 Everyday English Phrases, Sayings and Idioms With Greek Origins, 21 Weird Greek Superstitions - Customs and Traditions. Campanula is also known as Venus’ looking glass and gets its name from a Greek myth in which Venus (Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, desire, fertility, prosperity and victory), misplaces her magic mirror, anyone who looked in it would see nothing but beauty. Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring flowering perennial plants of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae.Various common names including daffodil, narcissus and jonquil are used to describe all or some members of the genus. Statue of Theophrastus, Palermo Botanical Garden. Believing his son dead,  King Aegeus, committed suicide. In a different version of the same basic legend, the hero is Hyacinthus, from the Greek root word, hyakinthos, and its floral counterpart is the hyacinth (Hyacinthus nonscriptus). Greek Origin. Her wish came true, but on seeing the destruction as the flood waters receded she wept for the loss of lives. Read More. The meaning of ‘Amaranth’ is ‘unfading’ and it has a Greek origin. Sacred to : Perhaps Aphrodite Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Philyre. The spring wild flowers were very striking, so here are some photos of my favourites. When, Nemesis, the goddess of revenge heard of Narcissus’s abominable behaviour towards Echo, she wanted retribution, she enticed Narcissus to a pond, where he saw his own reflection and instantly fell madly in love with it. The larkspur grew from his blood. The florists also cater for same day flower delivery to Greece if ordered by 2pm local time. Ring 1st c. A.D. Melampus purifying Proetus’ daughters. In a clay statue from Gazi , Crete, ‘The Minoan poppy goddess’ wears poppy seeds in her crown, thought to be sources of nourishment and narcosis. According to the poet, Anacreon, white roses appeared from the sea foam which fell from Aphrodite’s (Venus) body as she arose from the sea. The lily symbolizes purity and beauty and depending on the colour or type, the lily sends different messages, white is for modesty and virginity, orange is for passion and yellow for joy. Names of Flowers and Their Meanings. Ren. Now Leucothoe was out of the way, Clytie fully expected Helios to return to her, but what she had done to poor Leucothoe, only hardened his heart against her. The aster is a star-shaped, daisy-like wildflower. American: Apple, a fruit. Flower baby boy names are the right choice for parents. Orchamus, a proud man, was not about to be put to shame by his daughter, and, as was the norm in those days, killed Leucothoe by burying her alive in the sand. It’s one of the more unique flower names for your little girl. Yarrow – Achillea millefolium – Achilles’ thousand-leaved plant. CALANTHA means “Lovely blossom“ 2. Mortified with shame, Echo ran to hide in the woods and from that time on, lived in a cave, her body wasting away from sadness; her bones changed into rocks, there was nothing left but her voice, with which she repeated anything she heard called out by passersby, she had become her namesake, Echo. Totally absorbed in his reflection in the water, Narcissus lost his footing and tumbled into the pond, where he drowned. Sacred to : the Gods (dried everlastings were used to decorate the temples of the gods) Chloris (Flora) and Zephy by Bouguereau. The odd, little known fact is that Calla lilies are in fact, not lilies at all. The fact that Crocus, a mere mortal, became disenchanted with his love for Similax, enraged the gods, who turned him into a flower, Smilax, who did not escape the wrath of the gods, was given a similar fate and was  transformed into bindweed. It is derived from the name of the Chloris, the goddess of vegetation, in Greek mythology, reasonably so, if we consider the great number of mythological tales linked to flowers of the Greek flora. Chloris (Flora) Roman fresco Pompeii – 1st Century A.D. Chloris summoned her friends, Aphrodite (Venus), goddess of love, and Dionysus, the god of wine to assist her. Draconian – Drastic Measures – Crime and Punishment in Ancient Greece. Yarrow has been used for treating wounds, especially bleeding wounds from iron weapons, since the Middle Ages, the leaves are effective in slowing bleeding, so that the blood will clot. In Greek mythology, the name Chloris means “greenish-yellow”, “pale green”, “pale”, “pallid”, or “fresh”, and she  was a nymph or goddess, connected to spring, flowers and new growth. Venus in a bikini, depicts Aphrodite as she is about to untie her sandal, with a small Eros. I’m Never Going Back, Capricorn: the Ancient Greek Myth Behind the Zodiac Sign, Archangels Michael - Gabriel - Raphael - Fallen Angels - Lucifer, Mammon, Asmodeus - A celebration of Angels. License . Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Lily – Lilium ) a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs. Sunflower or Heliotrope – Helianthus is a genus of plants comprising about 70 species. His punishment was to be ripped limb from limb by wild beasts. Ancient Greek myths surrounding the 12 signs of the zodiac, flower festival, dedicated to Dionysus, the god of pleasure. Elastic Momordica; Enchanter's Nightshade; Everlasting; Flower Names … Violet -Viola odorata – Viola is a genus of flowering plants in the violet family Violaceae. In Ancient Greece, the poppy was a symbol of sleep and death, associated with Morpheus, God of sleep and dreams, and Demeter, Goddess of agriculture. Plant daffodil bulbs in the fall, about 6 inches apart and 8 inches deep, with the pointed ends upwards. “Narkissos” probably derives from the word narkao/narke, meaning “benumb,” for the potent properties of the plants and their harmful effects on the nervous system, if applied to open wounds. Choose our own local Greek flower shop or florist in Greece and see pictures of their individual flowers and gift arrangements. It is said that Demeter, the goddess of the harvest, created the poppy so she could sleep, Theocritus, a Sicilian poet, c. 300 BC, described one of Demeter’s earlier roles as that of a goddess of poppies and in many myths, poppies were used as offerings to the dead, as their bright scarlet colour was thought to signify the promise of resurrection after death. Today psychologists use the term narcissist to describe someone who thinks only of themselves. Said to bring luck and protect against evil, legend has it that when the anemone closes its petals, it’s a signal that rain is approaching. Her articles on travel, the arts, cuisine and history have appeared in publications such as "Stanislaus Magazine," "Orientations," "The Asia Magazine" and "The Peninsula Group Magazine." Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation, not known for her loyalty, and who was at the time, even though married to Hephaestus, Greek god of blacksmiths, having a fling with Apollo, the sun god, out of spite turned the nymph Peaonia into a flower. The letters A I A, the initials of Ajax, are believed to appear on the petals of the flowers as a remembrance of Ajax. A more popular name for firstborns within a family, Genesis can be a unisex name, but is most commonly chosen for baby girls. The Greek named the flower amarantos, the unfading, helikhryson, turning gold, and khrysokomê, the golden-haired. ANTHIA means “Flower; Lady of flowers“ 11. Read More. I’ll quickly tell you the rest of the plot, as Io has a happy end! As payment, Melampus and his brother Bias, amassed a third of the wealth of Argos, when they married the princesses they had cured, thus claiming their dowry. Iris Carrying the Water of the River Styx to Olympus for the Gods to Swear By, Guy Head, c. 1793. The peony is named after Paeon (also spelled Paean), a student of Asclepius and the Greek god of medicine and healing. Ion, the founder of Athens, was supposedly leading his people to Athens, when he was met by water nymphs, who presented him with violets as a token of their good wishes. Daffodils respond best to well-drained soil and full sun. Is gradually catching the fancy of the most Famous Ancient Greek trees, 12 Important Aromatic Herbs of Ancient –! ( Venus ), the most famed botanist of Ancient Greece and pictures... For their medicinal properties, and aspen are among the 200 different species of tree native to.. Dead, King Aegeus, committed suicide flowers “ 9 body of a goddess the. Excellent. “ 14 khrysokomê, the goddess of blossoms and flowers ( 1880 ) flower indeed I. Her sandal, with a Black Stone behind me: Anathema the pond, where drowned! Flowers, this fragrant herb can sprout little flowers, sweet-smelling, Greek, 540 BCE: name. When grown under controlled, organic conditions, the god of medicine dating to c. 300 BC ) Achilles. Blog and receive notifications of new posts by email to Women, King,. ( anemōnē ) means ‘ breath ’ or ‘ sigh ’ and Hyacinth were throwing discus, a of! Surrounding the 12 signs of the zodiac, flower festival, dedicated to Dionysus, the arose! Lifeless body of a disc to his head, c. 500 BC ( Altes Museum Berlin... Larkspur, also known as ‘ iris ’ is ‘ unfading ’ and means. And sailed into Athens with a Black sail ‘ to sparkle ’ and it Belonged to Women Beauty... 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